is the protrusion of an organ or the fascia of an organ through the wall of the cavity that normally contains it.
There are different kinds of hernia, each requiring a specific management or treatment.
By far the most common hernias develop in the abdomen, when a weakness in the abdominal wall evolves into a localized hole, or "defect", through which adipose tissue, or abdominal organs covered with peritoneum, may protrude. Another common hernia involves the spinal discs and causes sciatica.
A hiatal hernia
occurs when the stomach protrudes into the mediastinum through the esophageal opening in the diaphragm.
In the past, hernia surgery had a disadvantage of relapse high rate along with great postoperative pain and logterm hospital stay.
Nowadays, laparoscopic or open-surgery methods ensure minimising of the oldfashioned surgical techniques disadvantages (i.e. relapse high rate, great postoperative pain, logterm hospital stay).Dr. Stathis Apostolakos
has been trained abroad (France, Italy) in the most advanced surgical techniques and has got vast surgical experience.